X-Road is the backbone of e-Estonia. It’s the invisible yet crucial environment that allows the nation’s various e-services databases, both in the public and private sector, to link up and operate in harmony.

One of the key elements of e-Estonia is that its databases are decentralized, which means:

  • There’s no single owner or controller
  • Every government agency or business can choose the product that’s right for them
  • Services can be added one at a time, as they’re ready

X-Road is the all-important connection between these databases, the tool that allows them to work together for maximum impact. All of the Estonian e-solutions that use multiple databases use X-Road. All outgoing data from the X-Road is digitally signed and encrypted. All incoming data is authenticated and logged.

Originally X-Road was a system used for making queries to the different databases. Now it has developed into a tool that can also write to multiple databases, transmit large data sets and perform searches across several databases.


X-Road was designed with growth in mind, so can be scaled up as new e-services, with their various platforms, come online.

  • In 2013 over 287 million queries were done over X-road.
  • Over 170 databases offer their services over X-Road in Estonia.
  • Over 2,000 services are used over X-Road in Estonia.
  • Over 900 organisations use X-Road daily in Estonia.
  • More than 50% of the inhabitants of Estonia use X-Road through the information portal eesti.ee.

X-Road enables a wide range of otherwise complex services to be offered quickly and conveniently:

  • Presenting a registration of residence electronically;
  • Checking one’s personal data (address registration, exam results, health insurance, etc.) from the national databases;
  • Declare taxes electronically;
  • Check the validity of your driving license and vehicles registered to your name;
  • A newborn child receiving health insurance automatically.

Learn more details and regulations regarding the X-Road here.

Get in touch now with the developers of X-Road!


X-Road is one of the Components that make up the digital society of Estonia. This e-solution is provided by the companies Aktors and Cybernetica.


Introduced in: 2001


  • Allows databases to interact, making integrated e-services possible
  • Institutions are not locked into any one type of database or software provider

Did you know?

In November of 2015, Estonia and Finland will launch the first-of-its-kind collaboration via the X-Roads.

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