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X-Road – Interoperability services

The 21st century citizen-centred state and service-oriented society requires information systems to function as an integrated whole to support citizens and organisations. There must be interoperability between different organisations and information systems.

In other words they must be able to work together and data only needs to be requested from the citizen once. Estonia’s solution for maintaining a modern state is X-Road, which saves Estonians 1345 years of working time every year.

In Estonia, public organisations have their own information systems to process information relevant to the state and its citizens to provide public services. These often run on different systems that suit the function of the organisation. X-Road is a distributed information exchange platform that makes it possible for these different systems to communicate all across the governmental sector; for example, the police can access data from the health system, tax board or business registry and vice versa. But to do this X-Road must satisfy three criteria. First the platform must be interoperable and technically easy for each member of the system to access the data they need. Second, the data cannot be corrupted in transit by the system or an external third party. And third, the data must be protected from prying eyes so that unauthorised individuals cannot view the content of the data en route. X-Road has satisfied all three criteria since 2001, performing all the required functions for the state and the people of Estonia. It has enabled to increase the depth of cooperation between public organisations and reduced paper work exponentially so that public employees can concentrate on tasks that require human interaction.

X-Road

X-Road®, an open-source software and ecosystem solution that provides unified and secure data exchange between private and public sector organisations, is the backbone of e-Estonia. Invisible yet crucial, it allows the nation’s various public and private sector e-service information systems to link up and function in harmony.

Estonia’s X-Road environment “X-tee” – where the name of X-Road derives from – includes a full range of services for the general public, and since each service has its own information system, they all rely on X-Road. To ensure secure transfers, all outgoing data is digitally signed and encrypted, and all incoming data is authenticated and logged.

X-Road connects different information systems that may include a variety of services. It has developed into a tool that can also write to multiple information systems, transmit large data sets and perform searches across several information systems simultaneously. X-Road was designed with growth in mind, so it can be scaled up as new e-services and platforms come online.

52 000

organisations as indirect users of X-Road services

2,2B

transactions per year

over 3000

e-services available

Today, X-Road is implemented in over 20 countries around the world. Similar technologies such as UXP, PlanetCross and Roksnet based on the Estonian interoperability experience have also been implemented in several countries.

X-Road provides built-in support for cross-border data exchange through federation, which means joining two X-Road ecosystems. Members of the federated ecosystems can publish and consume services with each other as if they were members of the same ecosystem. The federation between Estonia and Finland was established in February 2018.

Contact

Visit us physically or virtually

We host impactful events both in our centre and online for government institutions, companies, and media. You’ll get an overview of e-Estonia’s best practices and build links to leading IT-service providers and state experts to support your digitalisation plans.

Questions? Have a chat with us.

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Call us: +372 6273157 (business hours only)

Find us

The Briefing Centre is conveniently located just 2 minutes drive from the airport and 10 to 15 minutes drive from the city centre.

You will find us on a ground floor of Valukoja 8, central entrance behind the statue of Mr Ernst Julius Öpik. Photo of the central entrance.

Valukoja 8
11415 Tallinn, Estonia