KSI is a blockchain technology designed in Estonia and used globally to make sure networks, systems and data are free of compromise, all while retaining 100% data privacy.
A blockchain is a distributed public ledger – a database with a set of pre-defined rules for how the ledger is appended by the distributed consensus of the participants in the system. Due to its widely witnessed property, blockchain technology makes it also impossible to change the data already on the blockchain.
With KSI Blockchain deployed in Estonian government networks, history cannot be rewritten by anybody and the authenticity of the electronic data can be mathematically proven. It means that no-one – not hackers, not system administrators, and not even government itself – can manipulate the data and get away with that.
Read more about KSI technology here
The e-Law system is an online database for the Estonian Ministry of Justice that allows the public to read every draft law submitted since February 2003. Built using blockchain technology, it is formally known as the Electronic Coordination System for Draft Legislation.
Readers can see who submitted the legislation, its current status, and changes made to it as it passed through the parliamentary process. Once an act becomes law, it is published in the online state gazette Riigi Teataja, another searchable database that acts as an open legal library.
A similar system used by Tallinn City Council makes it possible to follow all council sessions online, while city legislation and other documents are available on the municipal homepage. Projects such as e-Law and others create an unprecedented level of transparency in the state, cut down on corruption, and encourage citizens to take an active interest in legislative affairs.
To increase international and business cooperation, almost 500 legal acts have now been translated from Estonian into English. Since 2014, people from 185 different countries have viewed the translated laws. The laws can be found on the Riigi Teataja website.
Nowadays, life is fast and justice procedures – the cornerstones of a democracy – should be just as prompt. Thanks to fully automated court processes and electronic communication tools – the so called e-Justice solutions – Estonia has one of the most effective court systems in the world.
The central information system – e-File – provides an overview of the different phases of criminal, misdemeanour, civil and administrative procedures, court adjudications, and procedural acts to all the parties involved, including the citizen. The development of e-File was called to life by the Government of Estonia in 2005, recognising the need to break down information silos, which functioned independently from each other. E-File was implemented by the Centre of Registers and Information Systems (RIK) who is still responsible for developing, administrating and maintaining the system today.
As an integrated system, e-File enables the simultaneous exchange of information between different parties’ information systems: police, prosecution offices, courts, prisons, probation supervision, bailiffs, legal aid system, tax and customs board, state share service centre, lawyers and citizens. E-File saves time and money as data are only entered once and the communication between parties is electronic.
In 2006, the Court Information System (KIS) was launched, offering one information system for all types of court cases: Estonian courts of the 1st and 2nd instance and Supreme Court. KIS enables the registration of court cases, hearings and judgments, automatic allocation of cases to judges, creation of summons, publication of judgments on the official website and collection of metadata.
The latest generation KIS includes new classifiers based on courts’ needs, for example types of cases, categories of cases, and subcategories. As a tool for judges, the second generation KIS represents a valuable evolution, with searches based on phases of proceedings, issuing of reminders, and monitoring of the length of time spent on each phase.
Read more about Estonia’s e-Justice solutions here.
Estonia’s e-Police system is based on the principle that providing the best possible communication and coordination will lead to the most effective policing. This involves main components: a fully rugged tablet with a docking station in each patrol car and a web-based modular software solution.
The tablet is specially designed to be rugged and resistant against harsh weather, dust, and shock. It can also be carried along away from the patrol car thus eliminating the need to radio for information while moving on foot. It is also equipped with positioning system that tells location and status of each patrol officer in real-time.
The web-based software solution provides officers in the field almost instantaneous access to vital information such as place of residence, photograph, telephone number or driving license data, vehicle, owner/user and technical inspection information and even whether the driver owns any registered weapons. In fact, the police could potentially access a dozen relevant databases, and the system is integrated with the information system of the Schengen Zone, allowing them to see if the vehicle is stolen or if the driver is wanted in another country. An average of 20 vehicles and 7 persons wanted internationally by Interpol and Schengen are being captured by Estonian police per day.
The new e-Police system has helped to reduce query waiting time up to 11,572 hours. This means 206 extra secured days for citizens!
The software’s modular approach allows for the improvements to be deployed in stages. In the future, more services can be added including visa, property information, and even interoperability feature like cross-border database function. For example, Estonia’s databases can be accessed in Finland, and vice-versa.
Prior to e-Police, the queries handled over the radio typically took 15 to 20 minutes, now they take as little as 2 seconds. The difference allows officers more time to answer calls, resulting in more effective policing.
Developers of Security and safety
These e-solutions are provided by the following Estonian companies and institutions:
- Guardtime KSI Blockchain, e-Law Visit website
- Net Group Court Information System, Courtal Visit website
- Nortal Data Protection, Data Governance Visit website
- Roksnet Private Blockchain Visit website
- Helmes Court Information System, Public e-File Visit website
- Aktors Court Information System (Kurdistan) Visit website
- Centre of Registers and Information Systems e-File, Public e-File, Court Information System Visit website
- CGI Estonia Digital File Visit website
Find out more about the services and know-how of the Estonian IT sector