Estonia is a pioneering nation in the field of digital healthcare, having fully integrated e-Health solutions into its medical infrastructure. The Estonian National Health Information System (HIS), operational since 2008, exemplifies the country’s commitment to innovative healthcare technologies. Through this system, healthcare providers across the nation are interconnected, and patients’ health data is securely stored in a centralized database. The system is vast, containing over 40 million documents—including summaries of visits or treatments, discharges, referrals, diagnostic study reports, and medical procedures. This accumulation of data provides a comprehensive resource for healthcare professionals and patients alike.

In addition to general health data, the Estonian Genome Center has collected genome data for over 200,000 individuals. This rich genomic repository is crucial for the advancement of personalized medicine in Estonia. By combining genome data with the health information stored in HIS, healthcare professionals can tailor specific diagnoses and treatments to individual genetic profiles. This approach not only enhances the effectiveness of medical interventions but also underscores the precision medicine capabilities enabled by e-Health technologies.

Privacy and data ownership are central tenets of Estonian e-governance and are deeply ingrained in the e-Health system. According to these principles, health data fundamentally belongs to the individual concerned. All healthcare providers are obligated to contribute data to the HIS, but access to this information is strictly controlled. Only licensed medical professionals can access the system, and patients have the right to view their own health records stored in the central database. Moreover, patients have the option to restrict access to their data (opt-out), and they can monitor who has viewed their information.

The accessibility of health data and e-services for patients is further facilitated through the patient portal This portal serves as a secure and convenient point of access where patients can review their health information, manage appointments, and communicate with healthcare providers. The implementation of KSI Blockchain technology within the HIS enhances security by ensuring data integrity and protecting against internal threats. This advanced technology is crucial for maintaining trust in the system’s security, particularly in safeguarding sensitive health information.

Every person in Estonia who has visited a doctor has an e-Health record. These records are identified and secured using the electronic ID-card system, which ensures that health information is kept secure yet accessible to authorized individuals. This dual focus on accessibility and security exemplifies the balance that Estonia has achieved in its e-Health system.

Estonia’s e-Health initiative not only provides a blueprint for the digital transformation of healthcare systems worldwide but also demonstrates the potential for technology to improve healthcare outcomes. The integration of e-solutions in healthcare is a testament to the efficiencies and enhancements that technology can bring to medical practices and patient care. As Estonia continues to develop and refine its e-Health strategies, it remains at the forefront of the digital healthcare revolution, offering valuable insights and models for other nations to consider in their own healthcare system advancements. This commitment to innovation and patient-centered care is what sets Estonia’s e-Health ecosystem apart as a leader in the global healthcare industry.




e-Ambulance is a quick-response solution that can detect and position an emergency phone call for the responding ambulance within 30 seconds and send the emergency ambulance to the point of need quickly. In an emergency situation, a doctor can use a patient’s ID code to read time-critical information, such as blood type, allergies, recent treatments, on-going medication, or pregnancy.


% of patients that have countrywide digital record


Visit us physically or virtually

We host impactful events both in our centre and online for government institutions, companies, and media. You’ll get an overview of e-Estonia’s best practices and build links to leading IT-service providers and state experts to support your digitalisation plans.

Questions? Have a chat with us.

Call us: +372 6273157 (business hours only)

Find us

The Briefing Centre is conveniently located just 2 minutes drive from the airport and 10 to 15 minutes drive from the city centre.

You will find us on a ground floor of Valukoja 8, central entrance behind the statue of Mr Ernst Julius Öpik. Photo of the central entrance.

Valukoja 8
11415 Tallinn, Estonia