Estonian e-Residency

 Location independent business

Secure online banking

Online business administration

Digital signing of documents

Establish a company online

Estonian companies can be established, registered, and administered entirely online. In 2009 Estonia received a Guinness World Record for “fastest time to register a new legal entity” – just 18 minutes.

Estonian companies do not pay corporate income tax until distributions are made. However, e-Residency does not automatically determine tax residency. To learn about taxation and to avoid double taxation, please consult a tax professional. You can also find more information here and here.

Any entrepreneur or freelancer running a location-independent international business can enjoy the following benefits:

  • Ability to register a new company online
  • Low startup and maintenance costs
  • Remote administration from anywhere in the world
  • 0% company income tax until distributions are made, which means more money to invest (please check whether your company is subject to taxation in another jurisdiction).
  • Minimal bureaucracy and clear tax framework
  • Inclusion in the EU’s legal framework
  • Increased perception of trustworthiness as a result of registration in EU.

Steps for registering a company:

  1. Contact a virtual office service provider to obtain a legal address in Estonia. We are currently working on quicker and more cost-effective options to obtain this required address. Please subscribe to our newsletter for updates.
  2. Register a company online at the Company Registration Portal

More information about different types of business entities, the process of establishing a company, accounting requirements, tax system etc. can be found in the Investment Guide.

Administer the company online

Managing a company remotely is convenient, and eliminates the time and expense of travel. Estonian businesses also enjoy some of the lowest administrative burden of any company in the world. The services now available to e-Residents to administer businesses online have been used by Estonians for many years in running their own enterprises.

  • Remote administration from anywhere around the world
  • No need to hire and correspond with a local director or representative (unless you want to!) — minimising risk and complexity
  • Declaring taxes online saves time and expense
  • State-provided online accounting software minimises corporate reporting burden

Steps for administering company:

  1. Manage company online in e-Business Register
  2. Declare taxes at the e-Tax Board
  3. Use the governmental accounting software for tax filing, or various other commercial alternatives

Digitally sign documents and contracts

Digital signatures have been available in Estonia since 2000 and are used daily. More than 200 million digital signatures have been created in Estonia since inception.

  • Contracts and documents can be digitally signed and sent to partners and colleagues within minutes
  • Eliminates the need to send documents via expensive international couriers
  • Digital signature provides higher level of security compared to handwritten signature
  • E-mail digitally signed documents to your partner to countersign

Digital signatures are legally equal to handwritten signatures in Estonia, between partners upon agreement and with many service providers all around the world. It qualifies as an e-signature under EU Directive 1999/93/EC, E-SIGN law (15 USC 96) in the US and similar laws in other countries.